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2024 - Parque Fisa Santiago, Chile
Thursday 6 de October del 2022
The CChC presented a research study, which aims to seek and establish the mechanisms of female attraction in construction, the main obstacles they face, thus detecting major gender biases. Santiago, October 5, 2022. – Within the framework of the Edifica 2022 Fair, the Chilean Chamber of Construction, through the Women’s Commission, and the Center for Organizational Engineering of the University of Chile, presented the study “Characterization of Women in Construction”, where research was consolidated under three perspectives: That of the academy, with in-depth interviews with students and workers; that of the companies, on the training and attraction of women in the sector; and that of the construction community, with the project “Construyendo a la Par”, an instance promoted for partner companies to reflect on the incorporation of women into the labor force in the sector. In that line, the last measurement carried out by the CChC, figures in 21% of the participation of women in the surveyed member companies, an increase of almost 10 percentage points compared to 2016. In addition, it is complemented by data from the National Institute of Statistics, which establishes an average participation rate of 8.5% in recent years at a general level. In order to know in depth the reality of the sector, the study interviewed female students of technical professional high schools, professional institutes, as well as professional workers and non-professional workers. In the case of high school students from professional technical high schools, the main motivations for choosing the specialty stand out as a trend. Most of them were motivated by a family socialization in construction, interest in having a technical base for further studies. However, a low percentage of these students plan to pursue careers related to construction. In the case of female university students, most of them were motivated to enter the construction industry with family support, although they recognize the sector as a historically male field. However, those who have worked on construction sites say that they have had a good experience. Along these lines, 100% of them say they agree that: -The possibility of flexible hours makes it possible to reconcile family and work time. -Construction is a field where the income is higher compared to others. -They value training because they consider that it is an area that requires permanent updating. Among the difficulties, they admit that: -Career development and mobility is highly associated with references and labor network: “the bosses have their teams and move with them”. -The greatest difficulty, especially in the first work period, is the relationship with the male gender, due to the need to validate and demonstrate knowledge permanently. For non-professional female workers: all the participants shared that the main factors of attraction for this segment were: -The flexible working hours that make it possible to reconcile family and work time. -The higher income of the industry compared to others such as retail or jobs in private homes. -The possibilities of learning through training and taking on new tasks. Paula Urenda, General Manager of the CChC, highlighted in the opening message that “Promoting female inclusion is key, especially in the difficult economic context we are experiencing. It is enough to review the latest data from the National Institute of Statistics, which show that the female unemployment rate is higher than that of men and that they were especially affected during the pandemic”. She also stressed that “reactivation must have a woman’s face. And for this, dialogue and public-private collaboration, through working groups, alliances and different initiatives, such as those that have been promoted so far, are especially important. I would especially like to highlight and thank all the members of the Women and Construction round table, who are with us today and who we see as a fundamental space to advance in this common challenge”. Nathalie Dubois, president of the CChC’s women’s commission, said that “as a union we took up the challenge and decided to incorporate it into the Chamber’s strategic axes at the national level, formalized through the women’s commission. To close these gaps we have carried out several actions as a guild: training, health campaigns and the promotion of public-private alliances”. After the presentation of the data from the characterization study, the panel discussion “Challenges for the inclusion of women” was held with the participation of the National Director of Sernam and Gender Equity, Priscila Carrasco, the winner of the Women Build 2022 Award, Lucy Gómez, the researcher of the Engineering Center of the University of Chile and author of the study Claudia Vargas, and the Director of the CChC and infrastructure consultant Vivian Modak.
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